Beech grove

“Beech groveThis ‘grove’ is typical of the way beech (Fagus sylvatica) asserts itself within the woods. Their dense crowns cast deep shade; their roots hungrily extract nutrients and moisture from the soil; and their fallen leaves are slow to decompose. Between these factors they suppress most other groundflora, creating swathes of ground left bare apart from a carpet of leaves.

photo: © Fran Halsall